5 Most Common Sexually Transmitted Diseases

The prevalence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in our society is becoming alarming. The timeless message of abstinence and protected sex has been thrown by the wayside and every day, more people get infected. STDs are ruinous to one’s sexual health and general wellbeing. There are numerous STDs out there, but a few are quite common.

Gonorrhoea
Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted through vaginal, oral or anal sex very quickly and very easily. It affects the genital tracts. Symptoms from gonorrhoea include lower abdominal pain, swelling in the genital tracts, pain or a burning sensation during urination, abnormal menstrual bleeding and throat infection. Oral medications or antibiotic injections, depending on the severity of the case, can be used to treat gonorrhoea. If not properly treated, gonorrhoea can lead to infertility

Syphilis
Syphilis is a very dangerous STD. it affects the genitals and other parts of the body such as the mucous membrane, the skin, the brain, the heart etc. It is transmitted through vaginal and anal intercourse, as well as oral sex. Once contracted, syphilis progresses through four stages: the primary, secondary, latent and tertiary phases. If the disease is in the first three stages, syphilis can be cured effectively using antibiotics. Once it develops to the tertiary stage, complications occur and surgical intervention is required.

Chlamydia
This is another bacterial infection that affects the genital and rectal tracts. It is also transmitted through vaginal, oral and anal sex. Its symptoms are not obvious at the very beginning and can cause urinary tract infections and infertility if not properly treated. Symptoms include burning sensation during urination, frequent urination, abnormal vagina discharge, painful sexual intercourse, painful ejaculation, bleeding from the rectum and rectal pain. Chlamydia can be treated with oral medications.

Herpes
Herpes is a viral infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). The infection is highly contagious and can be transmitted through intercourse with an infected person. Symptoms include painful sores in the mouth, on the skin around the genitals, anus, and within the reproductive systems, painful urination, as well as itching, Also known as genital herpes, this disease has no cure. It can only be suppressed using medications.

HIV/AIDS
This is unarguably the most deadly STD in all the world. Infection with the HIV virus weakens the immune system and renders the body unable to fight off diseases, thus resulting in the acquisition of AIDS. There is no cure for HIV and the medications administered to check its progress also have their own side effects. Thus, it is best to take preventive measures and not contract the infection in the first place.

STDs can be avoided if the following measures are taken:

  • Abstaining from sexual intercoursecondoms
  • Engaging in protected sex, e.g. using condoms for vaginal and anal sex and dental dams for oral sex
  • Having only one sexual partner
  • Ensuring that both you and your partner get tested regularly
  • If you get infected with a type of STD, the chances of you contracting another is very high. So, never neglect treatment.

This post is a courtesy of Applewood Motors Langley.

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